Colombo was historically a simple port city that was home to many migrant traders. Colombo began to grow in prominence as a city only after the Portuguese colonizers recognized its importance as a key trading port and established a fort in its premises in the 16th century. Since then the city continued to develop under the Dutch and British colonizers who succeeded the Portuguese. Today, it is a vibrant, cosmopolitan city – the commercial heart of the country. Colombo may have a young history compared to its counterparts; however, it is still a very interesting history. Read on to learn more about the colourful past of the city.