Jaffna’s kingdom was established in the 13th century AD by Kalinga Maga. It survived until the Portuguese arrived in the city in the 17th century. The colonizers influenced life in the city, but the spirit of the people of Jaffna stayed intact. Therefore, the city has an eclectic mix of ancient Hindu and Buddhist culture, as well as colonial culture. Read about the interesting past of the city, going back to the time when the land was occupied by ancient tribes.