Bird Watchingin Sri Lanka
According to official statistics provided by the Wildlife Department, Sri Lanka is home to 436 species of avifauna, out of which more than 230 are breeding species and more than 200 are migratory species. This certainly makes the small island a prime destination for the ardent bird watcher.
Birdwatching can be enjoyed in any of the nature reserves scattered around island. Kumana National Park, Kalametiya Bird Sanctuary, Bodinagala Forest Reserve, Peak Wilderness Sanctuaries, the Kitulgala Forest Reserve, Horton Plains National Park, and the Sinharaja Rainforest are recognized as some of the popular spots to see rare and endemic varieties like the Sri Lankan blue magpie, Sri Lankan jungle fowl, Sri Lankan grey hornbill, and the orange-billed babbler to name but a few.
Birdwatching is an activity that can be done throughout the year in Sri Lanka. However, if you are looking for the best experience, make sure that you visit these nature reserves during the period of November to April, as you can witness a large number of migratory species along with breeding species.
Coming prepared with the right equipment, such as khakis and binoculars, along with a reputed tour guide is the best way to have a successful excursion. Speak to your tour operator about getting in touch with a naturalist or guide who can help you spot the rarer species.